Details of District (2017-18)
|2||Sex Ratio (Female: Male)||910 :1000|
|5||Average Annual Rain Fall||1142.3 mm|
Major Farming Systems / Enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)
|Farming system/Cropping system|
|1|| Irrigated upland
(i) Paddy- Mustard – Fallow
(ii) Paddy-Potato/Vegetables – Moong/Urd/Vegetable
|2|| Partially irrigated upland
2. Maize- Mustard / Pea / Lentil –Moong
|3||Low land- Paddy-Wheat-Moong|
|4||Rainfed low land (i) Paddy – Fallow|
|5|| Rainfed pond
1. Composite fish culture
2. Makhana cultivation
3. Cultivation of trapa
Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography)
|1||Zone – I|| Total geographical area – 254077 ha
Cultivable land – 198415 ha
Irrigated land – 102087 ha
Rainfed land – 80575 ha
| Again based on topography the district can be divided as following :
Upland – 19617 ha.
Medium land – 37660 ha.
Low land – 38017 ha.
Chaur – 29706 ha.
| Darbhanga district is situated between longitudes 85 degree 45’-86 degree 25’ East and latitude 25 degree 53’ – 26 degree 27’ North.
The district can be divided into four natural divisions. The eastern portion consisting of Ghanshyampur, Biraul and Kusheswarsthan blocks containing fresh silt deposited by the Koshi River. It contains large tracts of sandy land covered with wild Marsh.
The second division comprises of the anchals lying south of the Boorhi Gandak river and is the most fertile area in the district. It is also on higher level than the other part of the district and contains very few marshes. It is well suited to rabi crops.
The third natural region is the doab between Burhi Gandak and Baghmati and consists of low-lying area covered by chaur and Marshes. It gets flood every year. The fourth division covers the sadar sub-division of the district. The tract is watered by numerous streams and contains upland.
The district has a vast alluvial plain devoid of any hills. There is a gentle slope from North to South with a depression on the centre. Numerous rivers originating in the Himalayas water this district. Out of these rivers Kamla, Baghmati, Koshi and Kareh are of most importance.
|S.N.||Soil Type||Characteristics||Area in ha|
|1||The soil of Darbhanga district is alluvial, sandy loam, calcareous mixture of clay and sand in varying proportion, the fertility status is low to medium in nature. Water inundation during rainy season in low land dictates the selection of cultivars of paddy. A large chunk of the low land (chaur land) remains flooded throughout the year.|
Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district
|S.N.||Crop||Area (ha)||Production (000 MT)||Productivity (Kg /ha)|
2.5. & Production and productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district
|Cow||214||1296-2592 Litres||6-12 Liters/day|
|Fish||2996.21 ha||12760 tons||4258.7 kg/ha|